In the past two years, China's machine tool industry has indeed encountered challenges, but challenges and opportunities coexist. For the development of China's machine tool industry, our government and machine tool companies have also worked hard for it. As the saying goes, "the right medicine can cure the disease", so where does the Chinese machine tool industry, especially the high-end CNC machine tools, break through?
Where is the road to breakout?
At present, the global machine tool industry is still at a trough, and no obvious signs of industrial recovery have yet appeared; while the domestic machine tool industry shows three major characteristics: the industry is in the imitation stage, the key core technology is hollow, and it is trapped in the mid-to-low-end market. Industry insiders said that low-to-medium capacity reduction, high-end replacement of imports, and entry into the machine tool consumer market are the three key paths for the domestic machine tool industry to break through.
Among them, the promotion of low- and medium-end capacity reduction depends on the cooperation of enterprises, local governments, and the state. Obstructions in this process include the local government's taxation and other interest games; in addition, personnel placement after capacity reduction, and capital, R & D investment is also a difficult problem to be solved.
The replacement of imported high-end CNC machine tools is the biggest goal and opportunity of domestic machine tools at this stage. At present, some domestic companies such as Nippon Seiki, Yawei Co., Ltd., Shenyang Machine Tool, and Guangzhou NC already have a certain high-end CNC machine tool technology accumulation and production and processing technology。。Shortboards have gaps with foreign countries in terms of processing accuracy and product stability. . If the industrialization of high-end CNC machine tools is solved, the gap between Chinese manufacturing and German Industry 4.0 will be significantly reduced.
From complete machine assembly to the field of machine tool consumption, it is the third path for China's machine tool industry to break through. Although the machine tool market is sluggish, the situation of the machine tool consumer market is quite good, and the performance of listed companies related to machine tool parts is also quite good. A brokerage researcher said, "Although the growth rate of the machine tool market is almost stagnant, the market for replacement of key parts of machine tools is huge; in addition, the market for machine tools after upgrading and upgrading of used machine tools also has great potential."
Future development is still expected
Breaking through the above three major paths, coupled with the adjustment of the economic structure and the deepening of government-enterprise cooperation, the machine tool industry will develop rapidly. It is understood that due to the sharp increase in demand for important equipment manufacturing industries such as national defense, aviation, high-speed rail, automobiles, and molds, China's CNC machine tool output has maintained rapid growth. The average annual compound growth rate of China's CNC machine tool output in the past 5 years was 37.39%. Based on the data of the total assets of China's CNC machine tool industry in recent years and China's economic growth data, according to the linear regression prediction method, it is estimated that by 2020, the asset scale of China's CNC machine tool industry will reach 270 billion yuan.
In fact, the importance of machine tools and equipment is fully reflected in "Made in China 2025" and the technology roadmap. High-end CNC machine tools have been identified as one of the ten key breakthrough areas in the strategy of manufacturing power, and breakthroughs in other nine major areas. It also depends on whether the machine tool equipment can take the lead to become stronger. Data show that the domestic market of high-end CNC machine tools is tens of billions of yuan and has good growth, but this market is almost monopolized by foreign high-end CNC machine tools, and there is huge room for import substitution.
General Secretary Xi Jinping once pointed out: "Only by holding the core technology in our own hands can we truly grasp the initiative of competition and development, and fundamentally guarantee the national economic security, national defense security and other security." The development history of China's CNC system industry proves that The key core of high-end CNC systems is that they cannot be bought back, and must be based on independent innovation. It is believed that after 5-10 years of hard work, China's home appliances, mobile phones and other industries today may be a bright tomorrow for China's high-end CNC machine tools and even the entire machine tool industry.